Not all artifacts are dead and buried, and not all stories are kept in memories, this research focus on a belief that plants are natural grown landmarks and archaeological artifacts; a natural storyteller of time. In the discipline of archaeology, scholars stresses the importance of artifacts (archaeological artifacts); ‘an object made by a human being, for example, a tool or ornament, especially one that has archaeological or cultural interest’. This research stresses the idea of (native) plants as artifacts, not made by human beings but is altered by their activity. In this paper I wanted to promote the understanding that cultural and natural resources are interrelated, this I believe is the mindset of ancient Hawaii. The focus area of the research is on the ahupua’a of Kaʻūpūlehu (Kaʻulupūlehu) specifically the dryland forest of Kaʻūpūlehu.
An Analysis of Trade and Exchange Throughout the Ahupuaʻa of Kaʻūpūlehu
My project focuses on exchange relationships in Kona ʻĀkau, specifically Kaʻūpūlehu, Kekaha. Previously collected basalt flakes and pāhoehoe abraders were sourced through energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF), a non-destructive method of determining the composition of rock(s). Oral histories were also solicited in order to better understand the trade and exchange that occurred in this wahi pana. 69 flakes and nine (9) abraders were examined from five (5) different projects conducted by Paul H. Rosendahl, Ph.D., Inc. between the years 1986 and 2006.